In the plaza, the most notable building is the convent, that extended over all the block. It is from the 16th century, when Alonso Fernández de Segura arranged in his will that a convent of nuns of the Immaculate Conception was to be founded in Burguillos, and had attached to it a hospital for the poor managed by the nuns. This hospital was not built. Its founder ceded them a meadow for the economic maintenance of the convent.
Alonso Fernández de Segura was native of Burguillos and canon of the Cathedral of Salamanca. In one of the terms of his will expressly forbids that the monastery was ever managed by monks, even asking for its demolition in that case.
The convent was the first building of the plaza, in the moment when the population started to expand towards the plains, and new buildings progressively rose up around it.
The head of the church is made in carved granite and includes a coat of arms. Given the fact that it was a closing convent, the nuns could not access to the temple through this entrance, but through a door in the sacristy.
Head of the church detail.
Chapel of the convent.
The chapel of the convent has a single nave with a barrel vault. It has five reredos of baroque style, being the most notable that of the high altar. That altar was dedicated to the Virgin that names the convent, the Immaculate Conception. This carving is attributed to Ruiz Amador.
At the sides there are the canvas of San Joaquín and Santa Ana. This reredo was possibly made by a carver of Jerez de los Caballeros. In it, there can be seen a great oval with a central canvas with the Assumption of the Virgin, and another two canvas in the upper sides with San Francisco and Santa Clara respectively.
To the side of the Epistle there is the chapel of the Christ at the Column and the reredo of the Conception. In the opposite side there are those of the Lord of Piety and the Virgin of Solitude.
Another remarkable element is the pulpit, made in filigreed iron with a marble base.
If we look at the foot of the high altar we can find a big marble slab with a coat of arms that includes the surname of the founder, whose wish was to be buried here, though he did not accomplish it.
The church is topped by a bell gable in which the bell is installed.
This church was left open to worship as a parish help.
Once the nuns left the convent after the confiscation of Mendizábal in the 19th century, the temple remained the property of the Church, while the rest of the dependencies passed into private hands, giving to it different uses over the years.
Until today we know that the city council housed the Guardia Civil headquarters, municipal offices, school, the Courts of Peace and the headquarters of the Local Agrarian Chamber, among other entities and uses.
The rest of the site was compartmentalized, giving rise to several houses and even now a hotel where some rooms were formerly cells of the nuns.
Capilla del Señor Atado a la Columna.
The current town hall was remodeled at the beginning of the XXI century. In it we can see the two cloisters, low and high, which currently house the administrative dependencies. In the lower cloister we find one of the two existing wells; the other has been inserted in one of the rooms, due to the different enlargements done to the convent. The original machinery of the clock tower of the parish, from the 19th century, is exposed in the upper cloister of the town hall.
Still today we can observe the configuration of the cells of the nuns. During the restoration works, it was found the crypt where the last nuns who lived in the convent were buried.
We can also see where the lathes were located, which were the link between the closure and the external world.
Outside the plaza and facing Sanchez Barriga Street we have a small pillar attached to the wall of a private home that was part of the convent.
Vista exterior del Covento y actual Ayuntamiento.