The Plaza Alta was the center of social and economic life of Burguillos since the 15th century.
The urban framework that we find around the plaza stands out for its popular character, the result of our cultural heritage. The houses follow the traditional aesthetics: they have low height, thick walls, local materials and are whitewashed with an aesthetic, climatological, sanitary and protective purpose.
At the beginning of Badajoz street you can see a house of Jewish origin, which has a small gap in the left jamb of the door. This element is called mezuzah and served to put there the scroll that included the prayer of the Torah, the sacred book of Judaism. This fact shows us the existence of an important Jewish community in the nucleus.
Taking as reference the castle that marks the north of the urban center, to the southwest of the square stands out the old Town Hall, which after a recent intervention has left in the open the original arcade of the facade. To the northeast there is the old municipal granary, which was the grain warehouse with which the Council of Burguillos assured the supply to the entire population.
To the east, there is Casa del Corregidor y Cárcel Real. It was originally from the 16th century, as the inscription on its facade shows: "Hizo estas Casas de Justicia i carcel de Burguillos. Acabose siendo Corregidor el Licenciado Isidro Picaro. 1584". A coat of arms accompany this inscription.
Detalle de la fachada de la Casa del Corregidor.
Casa del Corregidor y Cárcel Real is currently a cultural center where we can see several exhibition spaces: a permanent archaeological exhibition, an ethnographic one, one of wooden figures and another mining-themed. The access room to the building shows some models of the monuments or most emblematic places of the municipality.
The archaeological exhibition shows elements found in the term of Burguillos del Cerro of different types and periods. They are from prehistoric utensils to reredos of modern times. This building has a well-preserved cistern thanks to its continued use until late times, and is currently open to visitors.
The permanent ethnographic exhibition contains pieces destined to various activities: utensils for peasant life, for handicrafts, for agriculture and for livestock. These elements are important to understand the history and culture of the rural area of he south of the peninsula. The wooden figures shown in this collection were made by a local self-taught artist.
The Mining Museum was inaugurated in 2016. Burguillos del Cerro is a benchmark in the world mining sector, which also has a long mining history that ceased at the end of the 20th century, specifically in the 70s. Due to this trajectory, the mountains of El Cordel and the mines were declared a Site of Scientific Interest in February 2017.
This exhibition has a collection of hundreds of minerals, rocks and fossils belonging to both the town and the rest of the world. An attractive space inside the Mining Museum is the "Black Room", an exhibition where minerals with luminescence capture light and reflect it in the dark thanks to ultraviolet light, giving rise to an incredible variety of vibrant colors.
At this point we have the possibility to choose where to continue our route. The first alternative leads to the castle and Iglesia de Santa María de la Encina. The second one leads to Iglesia de San Juan Bautista and the cruceros.
Patio de la Casa del Corregidor.