The castle is the symbol of the locality, and it has observed since its construction the passing of different peoples and cultures through the territory. It is placed in the highest part of the hill to the north of the urban area of Burguillos.
It has endured different constructive periods through all its history. There are evidences that allow us to believe that the castle was founded during the Muslim domination, because original remains of their constructions are still preserved. This fact can be observed both in the structure and in the materials used.
During the second half of the 12th century and the first half of the 13th century, with continuous raids done by the Christians, the insecurity was common for the inhabitants of the little villages that in that time populated the term. This forced them to build a stronghold in the highest part of the hill and place their houses in the slop of it in order to be sheltered under its protection.
The castle experiences different modifications and widenings during the Templar occupation, and later, by the lordships.
Vista aérea del castillo.
Acceso a la fortaleza, escudo de armas y matacán.
It is built, in most part, with masonry and ashlar reinforcements at the corners. It has a crenellated pyramidal structure and arrow-holes are conserved in their towers and walls.
The set has the form of an irregular polygon with double walled enclosure. The exterior wall is crenellated, of a low height and partially preserved. The inside enclosure has four main towers, two of them rounded, in its western angles, and the other two being of a prismatic form in the eastern sides. Moreover, there are another two placed in the middle of the north and east walls.
The entrance is made through a granite wall with slightly pointed arch, above which is displayed the coat of arms of the House of Béjar. The door is topped with a machicolation, that had a defensive purpose. Its four large corbels and the lower part of the parapet are preserved. The coat of arms stands out due to its singularity among the existent of the House of Béjar, because the characteristic band of this heraldry is adorned at its ends by heads of dragons, symbol of the Kingdom of Castile.
The parade was composed by housing spaces in its origins, of which can be observed today some remains of the paving of the floor and the walls, and accesses to the different rooms. We can also see remains of the starting of the roof in these spaces, attached to the west wall.
There are preserved also, two cisterns that were used to provide water to the occupants of the castle.
The north wall was restored by the end of the 20th century with bricks. It is a technical solution that intends to consolidate the towers and avoid further deterioration.
Muro norte del castillo.
The voluminous tower keep stands out, known as Torre Parda.
It is formed by a recessed upper body, rarely seen in Extremadura, and a more bulky lower body, from whose upper part protrudes a large machicolation that protects the access door. This fact could indicate that prior to the closure of the fortress this was its main entrance.
Upon entering the tower we find a first room with two domes separated by an arch. It has four flared arrow-holes under wide stone arches. Arrow-holes were used to repel the invaders' attacks from the tower.
In the access to the first floor, we observe the staggered layout of the deck of the stairs that ascend embedded in the wall, based on arches or small brick canyons on stone walls.
We can find a second room, similar to the lower one, with the two domes and the arch that separates them. Unlike the previous one, it counts on the top of the walls with two windows and a porthole, which served to illuminate the rooms.
From here you can access the machicolation that presides over the entrance to the tower, with an important difference compared to the rest of the floor, since it is located in the lower part of the tower, while the windows and portholes belong to the upper body.
Two other towers can be accessed through the staircase. The first is possibly the oldest of the castle, since it is made with materials that are different from the rest of the construction. This tower would be part of the primitive Muslim defensive construction. It presents a squared floor plan with a crenellated terrace, slightly elevated above the parapet walk. This is a structure through which the sentinels in charge of guarding the castle circulated. This tower is popularly known as "la azotea".
The next one is circular and eminently defensive. It is located in the northwest corner of the fortress and in it, stand out the embrasures of stick form and orb form, which were used for a simultaneous defense with arrows and harquebuses, which puts us in a time when there were already firearms.
Torre del Homenaje.
Sala superior de la torre del homenaje.
As the culmination of the tower keep, we ascend the staircase to its own parapet walk that completely surrounds it. On its west side we find another staircase that leads to the terrace, where you can enjoy a spectacular view of the area.
In the wall that connects the tower keep with the next square tower we find a moat and then a tower that would mainly serve as a reinforcement for the wall and also as a surveillance point.
This square plan tower preserves the arcades with a single window also topped with an ogival arch. Through a staircase you can access the upper part.
In turn, it connects through the parapet walk with one of semicircular floor plan. In the center of this wall is the machicolation that we observed from the entrance to the castle. The parapet walk continues until the tower, which can be accessed from the tower keep.
To better understand the characteristics of this fortress, we must go around its perimeter, where we find the remains of the outer wall and we can also observe in greater detail the shapes of the towers and their different construction materials.
There are documents in the National Historical Archive of the years 1407 and 1531 that refer to inventories of weapons and tools that were in the castle, such as spears, shields, helmets, crossbows and jars with gunpowder.
In the municipal archive there are conserved ordinances of the period of the lordship of the House of Béjar, whose topics are diverse subjects that reflected the life of the castle, like the inauguration of the mayors or the sentinels' change of guard.
There are two legends concerning the castle. One of them tells that somewhere in the fortress is hidden a golden calf. The other one tells that there is a secret tunnel that connects the castle with the hill of Guruviejo, located to the west of the municipal term and where there was a castle before.
The last battle that took place in the castle of Burguillos and of which there is evidence was during the War of Independence, on June 30, 1810. In this contest, a detachment of the French army under the command of Marshal Soult attacked the population from the "cabecito blanco", a hill located east and near the castle. The population managed to stop the invasion and emerge victorious.
Camino de Ronda hacia torreón y "la azotea".