We are in the cattle route, used to count the cattle that passed and thus charge the toll tax for the passage of livestock. The cattle route is marked by an intentional narrowing of the road that goes from Convento de San Francisco to the crossing of the road EX-112. This route was altered in the first quarter of the 20th century with the layout of the railway line making a bridge that allowed both the passage of the railroad and the transit of people and animals along the way.
This road is part of the Royal Ravine.
The Royal Ravine is a livestock route that was conceived for transhumance in Spain from its origins, decreed by Alfonso X The Wise in 1273.
This decree pursued the regulation and protection of certain roads that due to their importance, use or location deserved to be preserved.
Its purpose was the transfer or "passage" of cattle (including goats and sheep) from the lands of the north to the south of Spain, and vice versa, depending on the time of the year. The pastures of this ravine were also leased to the transhumant herdsmen to supply the cattle.
Contadero de reses.
Attending to the importance and the width of the routes they are classified in ravines, tracks and lanes. The ravines cross several provinces. Its width is 90 yards, which is equivalent to about 75 meters.
The tracks communicate a province with another that is neighboring, and are ramifications of the ravines, with a width of 45 yards corresponding to about 37.5 meters. The lanes connect several regions of the same province, with a width of 25 yards or 20 meters.
On these roads there are other places for rest, both for livestock farmers and their animals; the troughs, resting places and folds.
These public roads prioritize livestock transit and are protected because they are large biological sources in which different types of vegetation grow, and are the habitat of different animal species.
The right of the farmer does not prevail over the transhumant. In addition, we find brick kilns and lime kilns along the entire Royal Ravine as it passes through Burguillos del Cerro.
These routes allow us the possibility of performing recreational, educational, cultural and sports activities.
They have other complementary agricultural uses that promote sustainable development, respect for the environment, for the landscape and for the natural and cultural heritage.
This route goes into Burguillos and communicates with the towns of Atalaya and Jerez de los Caballeros, and it is known as Leonesa Occidental.